More, Sir Thomas
- (1478-1535)Historical and political writer, s. of Sir John M., a Justice of the King's Bench, was b. in London. In his 16th year he was placed in the household of Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury, who was wont to say, "This child here waiting at the table ... will prove a marvellous man." In 1497 he went to Oxf., where he became the friend of Erasmus and others, and came in contact with the new learning. He studied law at New Inn and Lincoln's Inn, and for some time thought of entering the Church. He was, however, in 1504 sent up to Parliament, where his powerful speaking gained for him a high place. Meanwhile, he had brilliant success in the Law Courts, and was introduced by Wolsey to Henry VIII., with whom he soon rose into high favour. He became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Speaker of the House of Commons, 1523, and was sent on missions to Charles V. and Francis I. At length, on the fall of Wolsey, M. was, much against his will, appointed Lord Chancellor, an office which he filled with singular purity and success, though he was harsh in his dealings with persons accused of heresy. But differences with the King soon arose. M. disapproved of Henry's ecclesiastical policy, as well as of his proceedings in regard to the Queen, and in 1532 he resigned his office. In 1534 he refused the oath which pledged him to approval of the King's marriage to Anne Boleyn, and for this he was imprisoned in the Tower, and on July 7, 1535, beheaded. His body was buried in St. Peter's in the Tower, and his head exhibited on London Bridge, whence it was taken down and preserved by his dau., the noble Margaret Roper. All Catholic Europe was shocked at the news of what was truly a judicial murder. Among his works are a Life of Picus, Earl of Mirandula (1510), and a History of Richard III., written about 1513. His great work, Utopia, was written in Latin in two books--the second 1515, and the first 1516. It had immediate popularity, and was translated into French 1530, English 1551, German 1524, Italian 1548, and Spanish 1790. It gives an account of an imaginary island and people, under cover of which it describes the social and political condition of England, with suggested remedies for abuses. The opinions on religion and politics expressed in it are not, however, always those by which he was himself guided. M. wrote many works of controversy, among which are Dyaloge concerning Heresies, also epigrams and dialogues in Latin. His pure and religious character, his sweet temper, his wit, his constancy and fortitude under misfortune combine to render him one of the most attractive and admirable figures in English history.Life by W. Roper (son-in-law), Lord Campbell, Lives of Chancellors, Utopia was translated by Robinson (1551, etc.), Bishop Burnet (1684, etc.), and ed. by Lupton (1895), and Michelis (1896).
Short biographical dictionary of English literature . John W. Cousin. 2011.
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More,Sir Thomas — More (môr, mōr), Sir Thomas. 1478 1535. English politician, humanist scholar, and writer who refused to comply with the Act of Supremacy, by which English subjects were enjoined to recognize Henry VIII s authority over the pope, and was… … Universalium
More, Sir Thomas — ▪ English humanist and statesman Introduction also called Saint Thomas More born February 7, 1478, London, England died July 6, 1535, London; canonized May 19, 1935; feast day June 22 English humanist (humanism) and statesman, chancellor of… … Universalium
MORE, Sir Thomas — (1477/78 1535) Known throughout the world for his authorship of Utopia, Thomas More wrote humanist, polemical, and devotional works in Latin and English. Lawyer, politician, humanist, statesman, and lord chancellor, he was executed on grounds of… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
More, Sir Thomas — (1478–1535) Statesman, Political Philosopher, Saint and Martyr. More was educated at the University of Oxford, England, and trained as a lawyer. He became a Member of Parliament in 1504 and rose to be Lord Chancellor, succeeding Cardinal… … Who’s Who in Christianity
More, Sir Thomas — (also St. Thomas). (1478–1535) English statesman and author … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
More, Sir Thomas — See The History of King Richard III (More) … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
MORE, SIR THOMAS — Chancellor of England, born in London; was the lifelong friend of Erasmus, and the author of Utopia, an imaginary commonwealth; succeeded Wolsey as Chancellor, but resigned the seals of office because he could not sanction the king s action in … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Sir Thomas More (play) — Sir Thomas More is an Elizabethan play by Anthony Munday and others that depicts the life of Thomas More. It survives only in a single manuscript, now owned by the British Library. Its main claim to fame is that three pages of it may have been… … Wikipedia
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Sir Thomas Metham — Sir Thomas Metham † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Sir Thomas Metham A knight, confessor of the Faith, died in York Castle, 1573. He was eldest son of Thomas Metham, of Metham, Yorkshire, and Grace, daughter of Thomas Pudsey, of Barford, and … Catholic encyclopedia